Daily Thirukural: Kural #1

Today onwards I decide to post “ Thirukural or Holy Kural ” (in tamil “திருக்குறள்) on my blog.Hope you will enjoy and know the tamil traditional culture.Before that I need to tell about Thirukural.

Thirukkural (or the Kural) is a collection of 1330 Tamil couplets organised into 133 chapters written by Tamizh Puzhavar(Tamil Poet) “Thiruvalluvar”. Each chapter has a specific subject ranging from “ploughing a piece of land” to “ruling a country“. According to the LIFCO Tamil-Tamil-English dictionary, the Tamil word Kural means Venpaverse with two lines. Thirukkural comes under one of the four categories of Venpas (Tamil verses) called Kural Venpa. The 1330 couplets are arranged into 3 main sections and 133 chapters. Each chapter contains 10 couplets. A couplet consists of seven cirs, with four cirs on the first line and three on the second. A cir is a single or a combination of more than one Tamil word. For example, Thirukkural is a cir formed by combining the two words Thiru and Kural, i.e. Thiru + Kural = Thirukkural. It has been translated to various other languages.

There are claims and counter claims as to the authorship of the book and to the exact number of couplets written by Thiruvalluvar. The first instance of the author’s name mentioned as Thiruvalluvar is found to be several centuries later in a song of praise called Garland ofThiruvalluvar in Thiruvalluva Malai.

Most of the Researchers and great Tamil Scholars like George Uglow Pope or G.U. Pope who had spent many years in Tamil Nadu and translated many Tamil texts into English, which includes Thirukkural, have recognised Thiruvalluvar as a Paraiyar. Karl Graul (1814–1864) had already by 1855 characterized the Tirukkural as ‘a work of Buddhist hue’. In this connection it was then of particular interest that Thiruvalluvar, the author of the Tirukkural was identified as a Paraiyar in Tamil tradition (as, incidentally, were also other famous ancient Tamil writers, e.g., Auvaiyar ; cf. Pope 1886: i–ii, x–xi). Graul might have subsumed the Jains also under the name of the Buddhists (Graul 1865: xi note).

Thirukural is divided into three sections.1.Arathupaal,2.Porutpaal,Kamathupaal.And each section has many chapters.Now  we start thirukural verses  from Arathupaal(அறத்துப்பால்).First one is from “The Praise of God”.

திருக்குறள்

Thirukkural / Holy Kural

Chapter 1.

அறத்துப்பால்

1.1 பாயிரவியல்

1.1.1கடவுள் வாழ்த்து

1.1.1 The Praise of God

தமிழ்:-

1 – அகர முதல எழுத்தெல்லாம் ஆதி

பகவன் முதற்றே உலகு.

விளக்கம்:

அகரம் எழுத்துக்களுக்கு முதன்மை; ஆதிபகவன், உலகில் வாழும் உயிர்களுக்கு முதன்மை.

English

1.     ‘A’ leads letters; the Ancient Lord

Leads and lords the entire world.

Explanation:

As all letters have the letter A for their first, so the world has the eternal God for its first.

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